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scientific heritage

Geomonumental Routes

The Geomonumental Routes are the diffusion of the built heritage from a perspective which is not merely a tourist one. The routes also show society other values, where history and science are intertwined.

Monuments are not only art and history. The materials they are constructed with provide valuable information on the methods of construction, means of transport or conservation techniques of the time when they were built.

We would like to mingle science and history as they complement each other. A different view of the built heritage is therefore offered, where new perspectives are approached.

In order to understand what is happening to our monuments, it is necessary to take into account knowledge of history, architecture, chemistry, geology, archaeology, sociology, etc as a whole.

What are the routes?

They are a new methodology of looking at the architectural and monumental heritage, mingling science and history as they complement each other. The prefix Geo underlines the interaction of monument with geology, as the former avails of the latter for the extraction of the natural resources for construction, and the building materials deteriorate as a result of the action of the environment in which the monuments are located.

We shall take a trip from monuments’ surroundings, we shall learn about the surface of their facings and we shall get into their materials. Thus, science shows us what happens to them with the passage of time. We shall see how building materials use has evolved in the Madrid Autonomous Region from medieval times up to the present day. Changes brought about by fashions, supply problems, new transport routes, improvement in quality and price of materials, etc.

Madrid’s traditional architecture was executed using various materials such as flint, granite stone (from outcrops located at Guadarrama mountain range and so-called Berroqueña Stone), limestone (cretaceus and terciary, from Redueña and Colmenar de Oreja areas respectively), slate and earths (as wall-building materials). We shall see where the historic quarries are located and what has become of them.

In the section on Routes we wish to show, besides the history of our monuments, the materials they are made of, the location of the historic quarries, the present state of monuments, some of the restoration and preservation works carried out in last years, etc.

Emblematic monuments in the Madrid Autonomous Region will be visited, such as the Royal Monastery of El Escorial, the Royal Palace in Madrid or the Almudena Cathedral. But major importance must also be given to another less well known, though highly valuable, built heritage which is scattered throughout the city of Madrid or in the different towns that lie within the region.

We will show these emblematic monuments of our region, but we would like to afford special importance to this forgotten heritage, which is not to be found in tourist itineraries and which knowledge and recovering are necessary.

The routes

The routes will take in visits to emblematic monuments in the Madrid Autonomous Region, but great importance will be given to other major monuments located outside the classic tourist itineraries, in an endeavour to show the built heritage existing in the different towns in our region. Cada ruta se realiza sobre un único monumento o comprende un itinerario, realizado en base a diversos materiales de construcción, tipologías de inmuebles, arquitecto determinado o conjuntos arquitectónicos de un pueblo de la región.

Esta visión científico-histórica del patrimonio arquitectónico de la Comunidad de Madrid se llevará a cabo mediante las siguientes Rutas Geomonumentales, listado que progresivamente va aumentando.

Each route will take in a single monument or an itinerary is conducted, around specific building materials, types of buildings, architect or displaying all the built heritage of a town or area in the region.

This historical-scientific view of the built heritage of the Madrid Autonomous Region will be conducted along the following Geomonumental Routes, the list of which will be progressively extended.

Palacio del Infante Don Luis de Borbón en Boadilla del Monte Palace of Infant Luis de Borbón in Boadilla del Monte
Conjunto momumental de Loeches Group of monuments in Loeches
Conjunto Monumental de Nuevo Baztán Group of monuments in Nuevo Baztán
Piedra de construcción tradicional en los Monumentos de Madrid Traditional building stone in Madrid monuments
Canteras Históricas de la Comunidad de Madrid Historical quarries in Madrid Autonomous Region
Panteón de Hombres Ilustres de Madrid Pantheon of Illustrious Men in Madrid
La muralla de Talamanca de Jarama Wall of Talamanca de Jarama
Antiguo Hospital de Maudes Formerly Workers Hospital of Maudes in Madrid
Monastery of Pelayos de la Presa Monastery of Pelayos de la Presa
Bridges over the Guadarrama River Bridges over the Guadarrama River