Archivo de noviembre 2nd, 2012

Críticos de Darwin: E

E

 

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Eden, Murray

 

Esto es lo que realmente quiero decir cuando la llamo tautológica…..Puede ciertamente explicar cualquier cosa

 

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Eimer, Theodor (1843–1898)

 

The Darwinian principle of utility, the selection of the  useful in the struggle for existence, does not explain the first origin of new characters. It explains only — and that in my opinion only partially — the progress and the gradually effected pre-eminence of these characters. Darwin’s assertion that every character occurring in an organism must either be now useful to it, or must once have been useful, — an assertion whichDarwin himself did not adhere to, but from which latterly he withdrew more and more, — has certainly more than anything else led to the false conception we have mentioned, for he set up utility as the only ruler in the organic kingdom. By the unconditional assumption of this supremacy it was quite overlooked that utility is a purely relative conception, and that therefore it cannot possibly be the fundamental principle of the forms of the organic world.

Before anything can be useful it must first be. Why, by what means, is it brought into existence ? That is the wider question which I have put to myself.

 

“Organic evolution as the result of the inheritance of acquired characters according to the laws of organic growth” (1890)  de  Theodor Eimer (1843–1898).

 

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Eiseley, Loren (1907-1977)


This sturdy band of converts assumed the defense of Darwinism before the public, while Charles remained aloof. Sequestered in his state at Down, he calmly answered letters, and listened, but not too much, to the tumult over the horizon. “It is something unintelligible to me how anyone can argue in public like orators do”, he confessed to Hooker.

Esta banda resistente de conversos asumió la defensa del darwinismo ante el público, mientras que Charles se mantuvo al margen. Recluido en su estado en Down, él respondió con calma cartas, y escuchó, pero no demasiado, el tumulto en el horizonte. “Es algo incomprensible para mí el que nadie pueda discutir en público como los oradores hacen “, confesó a Hooker

Darwin and the misterious Mr X p 11.

 

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Eldredge Niles (1943-  )

 

“Darwin never really did discuss the origin of species in his On Origin of Species ” (Time Frames: The Rethinking of Darwinian Evolution and the Theory of Punctuated Equilibria, 1985, p. 33).

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Engels, Friedrich (1820-1895)

 

Toda la doctrina darwinista de la lucha por la existencia no es más que la transposición pura y simple de la doctrina de Hobbes sobre el bellum omnium contra omnes, la tesis de los economistas burgueses de la competencia y la teoría maltusiana de la población, del dominio social, al de la naturaleza viva….El carácter pueril de este modo de proceder salta a la vista y no vale la pena perder el tiempo hablando de él. Si quisiera detenerme en eso, lo haría de la manera siguiente: mostraría que, en primer lugar, son malos economistas, y sólo en segundo lugar, que son malos naturalistas y malos filósofos.

 

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