Keys to the Bologna Process


From 1999 to date, the principles of the Process have been reviewed and updated in such a way that 7 key aspects of the European Higher Education Area have been identified following the Yerevan declaration: 



  • A common three-cycle study structure, based on the qualifications framework of the European Higher Education Area (EQF):

    • Bachelor
    • Master
    • Doctor
  • A common system of study credits, with reference to the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) or equivalent system.
  • Student and teacher mobility.
  • Internationalization of education systems and institutions to improve the international visibility of the European Higher Education Area.
  • The development of a European dimension of quality assurance, based on the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG) and the European Register of Quality Assurance Agencies (EQAR).
  • The social dimension, lifelong learning and access to and participation by the actors involved in the EHEA.
  • Recognition of periods of study, based on a system of credits and diplomas, in line with the Lisbon Convention.