The main target of this research is the analysis
of the innovation through the patents. In order to carry
out the same one a new methodology is developed that is able to
minimize great part of the disadvantages that until the moment arise
the use of indicators coming from patents, allowing the most
precise evaluation of innovative "output" and the Technological
Specialisation Indexes of Spain and other countries of europe:
Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Holland and Belgium, which
delimit the scope of this work.
The applications of this methodology discover a new potential in
the traditional indicators and open the proccess to numerous aspects
of the study of the innovation until now little developed. They
are outlined as principal methodological contributions.
- The design of the indicator "KAL" of quality.
- The concept of Total Technology Patentable.
- The utilization of complementary indicators.
- The use of new tools such as: Tables of Concordance IPC - CNAE with a
high degree of desagregación and the "Preparations" which has made possible
to have reliable economic´s information from data bases designed with
This Thesis opens besides new research perspectives in areas related to the
studies of: technological correlations, regional innovation, identification of
science-technology interphases, globalization, multinationals strategies,
technological management, development tables of concordance, patents
propensities, sectorial analyses, designs of new indicators etc.