Issue 38, september-october 2006

Forum for Debate:

The survey of RedOTRI Universities 2005 on activity in knowledge transference: international context

The right measurement of the activity of transference of knowledge from the universities towards other organizations (companies, fundamentally) requires of the existence of instruments (surveys) that allow to analyze the evolution of the volume of the activity in this scope. The Research Results Transfer Offices (OTRI) of the Spanish universities, grouped in RedOTRI Universities, annually elaborate the RedOTRI Survey on Transference of Knowledge and Technology. Once passed five years of uninterrupted compilation of data, the mentioned survey constitutes one of the more excellent Spanish sources of intelligence in this matter.

Santiago Romo
Coordinador de RedOTRI–CRUE
Univ. Rey Juan Carlos

Fernando Conesa
Director Adjunto CTT
Univ. Politécnica de Valencia

Constantino Martínez
Secretario Técnico de Red OTRI – CRUE

The patent like a knowledge assessment tool

The knowledge is built-in to the people and the organizations and also has explicit components that can be transmitted, but also other tacit ones that only are learned through the experimentation. Nowadays innovation does not come only from the efforts of I+D, but through ideas and knowledge in the different cooperation links that settle down with other companies, universities, technology centres, etc. In this work the patents like a knowledge assessment tool are analysed from three fundamental aspects: the use and the value of the patents like the closest indicator of the link established between the technological change and the economic development; the technological collaboration as an enriching process that is the result of the combination of sources of knowledge for the definition of inventions and innovation development; and the flight of brains like an important burden for the deployment of the human resource devoted to R&D.

Gerardo Penas García
Jefe de la Unidad de Información Tecnológica
Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas

Niurys Núñez Delgado
E.T.S. de Ingenieros Industriales
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

The importance of the research and the knowledge transfer in the Lisbon Strategy

Five years ago the Government or Chiefs of State of the European Union decided an ambitious changes’ program; they committed themselves to make of the European Union the knowledge based economy most dynamic and competitive of the world. Today, we observed that everything has not been advances. Although many of the essential conditions for a reactivation in Europe occur. In the advanced economies like those of the European Union, the knowledge - that gathers the R&D, the innovation and the education- is an essential engine of the productivity growth.

Xavier Goenaga
Dirección Espacio Europeo de la Investigación
Comisión Europea

Open Lecture Room:

The need of the technology and scientific work

We are at a crossroads in the energy issues for the future. The intersections of energy with science and technology are determined by three questions: uncertainty about the supplying of energy, the foreseeable negative incidence of the climatic change in our environment, and the bad-defined situation of the great power firms.

Emilio Menéndez Pérez
Dr. Ingeniero de Minas
Profesor Honorario de UAM y UPM

Scientific parks, Centres and Technological Infrastructures: a proposal of trespassing analysis between the industrial economy and the knowledge management

In this work we approached the importance that has the new organization structures of scientific character for the industry of the future. In the first part we consider a specific infrastructure group that the agents introduce in the territory. In second, a type of the most significant organizational structure is showed, the scientific park, that arises like an interface between the investigation and the industry. Finally, we offer an assessment and evaluation scheme with final observations.

Óscar Rodríguez Ruiz
Universidad Complutense de Madrid