Issue 45, september - october 2007

Forum for Debate:

Science and Rule of law

Science and Law are the two founding languages of the modern society. Mankind has used them, more than any other, to project her order and rationality aspirations over nature and society.

Alfonso González Hermoso de Mendoza
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos

Madrid, a Knowledge Region and a Technopolis in Europe

With a view to advancing towards an economic model based on knowledge and technology, the Madrid region is working along two vectors which in this work we have called “the innovation engines” and “the urban communities focussed on science and technology”. In the regional development strategy we have found a high concentration of research centres which are now reinforced by new instruments and infrastructures of support to innovation. Madrid develops a network of 8 scientific and technological parks designed by the government and the universities, which are in turn supplemented by a programme to create 10 institutes of advanced research.

Julio César Ondategui
Consejería de Educación, Madrid

Productive Local Development: A practice of the Institute for the Advice in Human Development

This article intends to dissert on one of the subjects studied and worked in the Instituto de Assessoria para o Desenvolvimento Humano(IADH): the Local Productive Development. It interests, here, over all, to display the experience of the professionals of the IADH in less dynamic territories, in which productive development searches the social inclusion for way it, allied to a theoretical accumulation reached to long term years. Two lines of debate will be presented. The first one is about the limits and possibilities of more favorable insertion, of the segments poor in the markets. It contemplates the understanding of the multiple and systemic causes of the poverty and of as these people already become related with the markets, for then pointing possibilities with respect to its inclusion. Second it uses the boarding of Local Productive Arrangements (APLs) and presents a methodology for its promotion, from embryonic periods of training in the territories. Much more that two alternative strategies, they are two approaches that differentiate only for its starting point for analysis purposes, given that both aims the strengthening of the local economy, with partner-productive inclusion.

Patrícia Paixão
Silvana Parente
Tania Zapata
Instituto de Asesoría para el Desarrollo Humano (IADH)

Open Lecture Room:

Innovation Management in Costa Rica

This article presents the most excellent results of a perception study on the management of the innovation in the organizations in Costa Rica in which the author participated; its origins, effects and obstacles, the practices and experiences in innovation, the participation, success and failure in the management of the innovation, and the challenges in the matter of management of the innovation in an economy based on the knowledge. As conceptual and methodologic direction were used the Manual of Oslo: Proposed for Guidelines Collecting and Interpreting Technological Innovation, proposed by the Organization for the Development and the Economic Cooperation.

Juan C. Bermúdez Mora

Universidad Nacional

Innovation in Europe and Latin America: roundtrip learning

The innovation concept has experienced a huge modification in the last decades of the 20th century. The point is related to the emergence of a productive paradigm characterized by small firms, institutional and business networks and systemic competitiveness. This new productive paradigm is the key for economic development. The territorial productive systems’ innovation is important in this scenario, because culture and identity (interacting with raw materials) confer a social character to innovation processes. This paradigm has arrived to Latin America in the last decade. So, a large number of experiences were implemented. Within these heterogeneous experiences some specific characteristics are underlined: social participation, the value of the privative experiences, and the building of original systems. In Europe, the development tools were standardized by the European Union. So, actors must adopt the Brussels schemes. But the capability to enact the development strategies from the bottom is a new possibility and an opportunity to improve the actors’ role, as well as the integration in cultural complex societies and the quality of economic development.

Omar de León Naveiro
Universidad Complutense de Madrid