Issue 47, june 2008

Forum for Debate:

Innovation, Technology, and Firm’s Competences: An Integrated Assessment

There are some international guidelines to measure innovation, science, and technology activities, as the Oslo, Frascati and Bogota manuals. These texts are the main elements of an homogeneous framework for official statistics. But they are not generally employed in the business realm. Authors show an integrated methodology for the assessment of innovation, technology, and competences within the firm based on the PDCS (Plan-Do-Check-Act) cycle. This methodology includes the insights derived from the above quoted manuals within the environment surveillance stage. Due to the differences in economic systems (as well as in the available information), there is no opportunity to offer a single global model. So, authors focus the model in the European and Iberoamerican issues. The methodology has been tested in a sample with more than 200 fims in Cuba and Bolivia. Results show that the application of the methodology to other counties is easy.

Mercedes Delgado Fernández
Instituto Superior Politécnico "José Antonio Echeverría", CUJAE, Cuba

José Luis Pino Mejías
Francisco M. Solís Cabrera
Rosario del Carmen Barea Barrera

Universidad de Sevilla

OTRIS’ Technology Transfer Function

The approach to "transfer" concept is characterized by its technological side as a synonymous. Without basic considerations about meaning and scope of transfer action, this article tries to provide a simple framework for thinking about transfer and especially inside technology transfer, identifying different ways. However, such options present a set of issues what are important to be considered for public agenda. In the European Union sphere, innovation policy is a key strategy, taking into account important role of technology transfer as a strategic element to obtain returns from R&D effort. In this sense, technology transfer analysis is done from TTOs perspective, as key players in the R&D System, considering their opinions about models, structures, indicators around transfer activity.

Carlos Merino Moreno
Profesor UAM, Investigador IADE

Antonio Verde Cordero

Lidia Villar Mártil
Investigadora IADE

New Functionality Development through Knowledge Transfer in Open Innovation

Contrary to the stagnation in the 1990s, Japan’s economy has reactivated from the early 2000s. This can be attributed to hybrid management fusing the "East" (indigenous strength) and the "West" (learning from global best practice) based on global technopreneurial strategy. This strategy corresponds to new stream of innovation which depends on functionality development in the diffusion process. Given the declining nature of functionality development, sustainability of this function has become crucial to a firm’s competitiveness, which necessitates an earlier emergence of functionality development. An earlier emergence of functionality development depends on knowledge transfer by means of follower substitution for leader, which also enhances the functionality development level. This substitution corresponds to the dynamism induced by open innovation. Consequently, functionality development through knowledge transfer should be considered decisive to a firm’s competitiveness in an open innovation environment.

Chihiro Watanabe
Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering & Management
Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo-Tech)

Jae-Ho Shin
Department of Industrial Engineering & Management
Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo-Tech)

Juho Heikkinen
Department of Mathematical Information Technology
University of Jyvaskyla

Open Lecture Room:

The new data protection regulation

On December 21, 2007, the Cabinet agreed to give the green light, and therefore to adopta new regulation for protection of personal data, which has finally been published on Saturday, January 19. It will enter into in force in April. The new regulation combines and amends certain points covered by the current regulations for protecting personal data.

Efrén Santos Pascual

The large European telescope. A technological challenge

The Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) is a joint project promoted by the European South Observatory aimed at the design, study and development of enabling technologies and concepts required for the eventual design and construction of a European optical and infrared telescope, initially conceived for a diameter in the 30-100m range. It builds on existing design studies, on leading industrial and academic expertise in the relevant fields, and gathers resources accross the European academic and industrial communities for a preparatory effort on crucial components, subsystems and concepts. The technology development programme covers relevant design and technology aspects underlying the feasibility of giant telescopes. The Instituto Astrofisico de Canarias plays an essential role in different activities of the design phase, including site characterization, wavefront control, adaptive optics and an assessment of the performance of a segmented aperture exposed to wind on a representative site are also included. To this end the Observatoio Roque Los Muchachos in La Palma island is a firm candidate site to build and install the telescope.

Luis Borges

Knowledge management: perceptions and contrasts within large and medium enterprises in the city of Bogota

With regard to knowledge management researchers were interested in learning about the perceptions and the contrasts of opinion between the managers of large and medium-sized companies located in the city of Bogota. This desire was born, we say, noting that in the context of developed countries the entrepreneurs have experienced some kind of understanding of this discipline, in contrast to the limited knowledge we have about the attitudes in our environment, where work are in their infancy, and consequently, has a scarce scientific width. To get closer to that reality, we prepare personal interviews con eighty executives, once adapted and strengthened the McAdam and Reid Model tested in the business community in London. The results of the study show significantly that the terms denoting knowledge management (KM), expressed from highest to lowest according to their shares in large companies are: intellectual capital, knowledge transfer and information technology. While for Medium enterprises, the order resulting from highest to lowest, is: organizational knowledge, intellectual capital and knowledge transfer. As for the potential benefits of knowledge management with respect to organizational dynamics, large companies focus on process improvement, followed by incremental innovation and design of new management methods. For medium-sized enterprises (with a higher percentage than large ones) the main benefits are in the process improvement, the design of new management methods, and incremental innovation in the design of new marketing methods. The survey results also show that the main drivers of technological development in organizations are their own employees, followed by customers, and to a lesser extent external agents and specialists in information technology.

Carlos Blanco Valbuena
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

César Bernal Torres
Msc., Universidad de la Sabana